By Dionis Cenușa

Subjectio.org

Moldova, Varnita: Moldovan activists note registration plates of vehicles entering Moldova from the Russia-backed and unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic during the early parliamentary elections on July 11, 2021. Photo © Pierre Crom

In full harmony with the most optimistic polls, the Action and Solidarity Party’s team (PAS) won the snap parliamentary elections. This success was largely based on the image of President Maia Sandu, who promoted participation in the vote, against political corruption, throughout the election campaign, including election day. The score accumulated by the PAS represents another electoral victory for Maia Sandu, who demonstrates maximum political efficiency in achieving political objectives, methodically, one by one.

The turnout was below 50%. About 1.4 million people went to the polls or nearly 100,000 fewer than in the 2020…


By Brian Whitmore

“Axis of autocrats: Belarus dictator Lukashenka backs Putin’s Ukraine war” by Brian Whitmore was originally published on Atlantic Council.

Subjectio.org

Ukraine, Crimea, Simferopol, February 28, 2014: Russian soldiers without insignia seize the international airport. © Pierre Crom

The axis of autocrats in Eastern Europe continues to solidify as Belarus dictator Alyaksandr Lukashenka bends over backwards to please his patrons and masters in the Kremlin.

In the wake of last month’s summit meeting with Vladimir Putin in Sochi, Lukashenka has made two announcements that effectively indicate he is prepared to recognize Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea as well as the de facto sovereignty of the Kremlin-controlled “separatist republics” in eastern Ukraine’s Donbas region.

Lukashenka told reporters on June 1 that Belarusian national airline Belavia would begin flying to Crimea, which observers interpreted as the first step toward formally recognizing Russia’s annexation of…


By Dionis Cenușa

Subjectio.org

Moldova, Chisinau: A photograph of a health worker made by Alex Iordache vandalized in the Cathedral Park.
© Pierre Crom

Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the health crisis in Moldova has stood out due to the high rate of infection and mortality, which places it in the list of the most active sources of infection in Eastern Europe. But, in addition to the multiple failures related to the management of the pandemic, the country has become a case study where the competition between two “vaccine diplomacies” can be observed, rather hidden than overt, but also unequal — between Romania and Russia. While each of them pursues antagonistic historical-geopolitical interests in Moldova, the COVID-19 crisis…


By Brian Whitmore

“Putin’s stealth takeover of Belarus gains momentum” by Brian Whitmore was originally published on Atlantic Council.

Subjectio.org

Belarus, Minsk: Actors hug each other prior to a theater representation. © Pierre Crom

As the Russian and Belarusian armed forces launched back-to-back exercises this week, the two countries also announced plans to establish permanent joint military training centers.

And just days before the military drills began, a new pro-Kremlin Belarusian political party held its founding congress in Minsk on March 6. Prominent guests included a Russian lawmaker from Ukraine’s occupied Crimean peninsula and an advisor to Moscow-backed separatists in eastern Ukraine.

As the Belarus crisis enters its eighth month, the strategy of Russian…


By Dionis Cenușa

Subjectio.org

Ukraine, Grabovo: Russia-backed fighters walk between the remains of the downed MH17 flight. © Pierre Crom

The movement of the power-opposition confrontation outside the Russian borders, generated by the persecution of Alexey Navalny, after the failed attempt of his poisoning, put before the EU the tough decision to multiply the sanctions against Russia. The new category of sanctions seeks to punish human rights violations and was agreed by member states at the latest EU Foreign Affairs Council meeting (February 22, 2021). The emphasis of the sanctions is on the politicizing of Navalny’s trial and brutal repression of pro-Navalny protests. The Moscow fiasco of European Foreign Minister Josep Borrell (IPN, February 2021) has…


by Joanna Hosa

“Why the EU should appoint a special representative for Crimea” by Joanna Hosa was originally published on The European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)

Subjectio.org

By appointing a special representative for Crimea, the EU would show its commitment to standing by its partners and rejecting Russia’s violations of international law.

Ukraine, Crimea, Perevalne — March 16, 2014: A russian soldier without insignia stands guard outside a Ukrainian military base. © Pierre Crom

Hardly anyone mentions Crimea anymore. The territory is an awkward topic because no one truly knows what to do with it. In 2014 Russia annexed Crimea and launched a war in Donbas, in flagrant violation of international law. This led to a major stand-off with the West…


by Madalin Necsutu

“What must be done for Russian forces to leave Transnistria” by Madalin Necsutu was originally published on Balkan Insight

Subjectio.org

As Moldova and Russia spar again over Moscow’s military presence in the breakaway region of Transnistria, BIRN looks at what it would take to end this decades-long dispute.

Moldova, Transnistria (Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic), Bender: A man lifts weights during a contest in the fortress of Bender as Transnistria celebrates the day of the Russian flag. © Pierre Crom

Relations between Moldova’s new elected pro-European president, Maia Sandu, and Russia started off on the wrong foot when Sandu immediately vowed to ensure Russia finally withdraws its troops from the Transnistria region that broke away from Moldova with Russian support in the early-1990s.

“I am sure we will find…


by Aidan Hehir

This article was originally published on Prishtina Insight, republished on Subjectio with the permission of Prishtina Insight

Kosovo, Mitrovica: Kosovo Albanians drink coffee in Mitrovica. © Pierre Crom

As observers scrambled to contrive ever more creative ways to express their amazement at images of mobs storming the Capitol building in Washington DC, many expressed their outrage by arguing that these were scenes usually reserved for “banana republics”, or “the 3rd world.” In particular, some reached for a now familiar trope — this was like something you’d see in the Balkans!

This sentiment was most succinctly expressed by Balkans correspondent for The Economist [and Chairman of the BIRN Network…


By Daniel Serwer

subjectio.org

A retired Foreign Service Officer and veteran of the Balkan crisis offers a clear-eyed assessment of Bosnia and Herzegovina a quarter-century after Dayton.

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska: Srebrenica covered in fresh snow. © Pierre Crom

Twenty-five years ago, the United States brought forth on the European continent a new state dedicated to the proposition that citizens are not equal as individuals but rather endowed with group rights. Those three groups (Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats), denominated as “constituent peoples,” are entitled to block numerical majority decisions. We have tested whether that state — Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) — or any state so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.


By Dr. Radosveta Vassileva

neweasterneurope.eu | subjectio.org

An official commemoration at the Grave of Goce Delchev, a disputed hero between Bulgaria and North Macedonia. © Pierre Crom

Bulgaria recently opposed the start of accession talks with North Macedonia because of a dispute over language, history and heritage. Boyko Borissov’s government blames North Macedonia for not complying with the Friendship Treaty signed in 2017 which was supposed to promote cooperation and alleviate disagreements. This move has drawn a range of emotions, accusations and pompous political statements.

For the pragmatic Euro-Atlanticists, Bulgaria’s veto of accession talks halts much-needed economic development in the Balkans. For the more romantically inclined, Bulgaria’s decision puts the century and a half-long dream of not having a border…

Subjectio

Subjectio.org examines influences exercised by the West and Russia in Southeast and Eastern Europe.

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